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SPAIN.
603
other districts are Galdames, Sopuerta, Ollargan, Abondo, Alonso-legui and Queues. The Vena ore runs 56 per cent, in iron; Cam-panil 54 per cent., and the spathic ore from 40 to 45 per cent., giving 55 to 60 per cent, after roasting. The composition of Enbio ore, which is the great bulk of the hematite shipments, was the subject of discussion by William Whitwell, in his presidential address
TABLE XXX-A. Spanish Ore Production and Exports.
	1899 t	1903
Viacaya ................... , .......	6,495.564	4760 000
Santander ........................	1,158,169	1360,000
Murcia ............................	668,947	735 000
Almeria and Granada ...........	'  537,144	725.000
Other Provinces ..................	587,910	898.600
	9,397.784	8,478,600
Exported .......................	8,613,137	7.692,214
		830,665
		
before the Iron and Steel Institute. He compared the analyses at his own works at Thornaby, near Middlesbrough, during eleven years, and they showed a constant decrease in quality.
1890             1900
Fe in ore as received..................   60.50            47.99
S10a in ore as received................     7.10             10.09
Moisture...........................      8.00              9.10
Fe in dry state.......................    55.50            62.80
The spathic ore, lately considered of much value, runs 40 to 45 per cent, in iron, giving from 55 to 60 per cent, after roasting.
In addition to the deposits of northern Spain, there are extensive deposits on the Mediterranean, the principal centers being in the provinces of Murcia, Almeria and Malaga. It is from Murcia that the Porman ore conies, the mines being near to Carthagena. This is a brown hematite rather high in silica and containing a certain amount of lead, which is not a desirable thing around an iron furnace. There are other deposits farther inland, the deposits of Morata being-ten miles from the coast and those of Calaspara about 85 miles, the latter ore being a red hematite running 57 per cent. Some magnetite of poorer quality is also found. Almeria produces the Herrerias ore, containing 52 per cent, of iron and 8 per cent, of manganese, which is used for the manufacture of spiegel, and it